Tourist guide to Corinth

Corinth Canal

Corinth Canal ©Sharon Mollerus/Flick

Located on the coast of the Corinthian Gulf, at about 80 km from Athens to south-west, Corinth represented over the years a major port of entry in the Peloponnese peninsula. Today, Corinth has a population of about 35,000 inhabitants, being the prefecture seat of Corinthia in the Peloponnese region.

We present you a short tourist guide to Corinth including some information about the ancient city and its foundation according to the legends and some important tourist attractions in the city. Corinth can be accessed on the highway from Athens that is passing near the city.

The current Corinth was built after the earthquake of 1858, when the ancient city was completely destroyed, the current settlement being affected of another major earthquake that occurred in 1928 and by a great fire in 1933.

The ancient city of Corinth

The ancient city of Corinth appeared about 4,000 years ago, the best period of its history being the seventh century BC, when the city-state of Corinth was the most important commercial center of the ancient world, and the most rich ancient city, its supremacy being threatened later by Athens. The ancient Corinth was located in the south-west of the present city at the foot of the Acrocorinth rocky hill (575 m), and had two major ports, Kechries in the east and Lechaio in the north.

Corinth from air

Corinth from air ©aikijuanma/Flick

The foundation of the city according to mythology

According to mythology, the city was founded either by Corinthos, descendant of god Helios, or by Oceanides, the nymphs of the great ocean, the daughters of Oceanus and Tethys who in total, were more than 4000 in number. In the years 51-52 AD, Paul arrived in Corinth to preach the Christian teachings. Over time, the city was conquered by the Romans, Turks, Maltese, Venetians, and since 1822 it belongs to Greece.

Important tourist attractions in Corinth

The Ancient Corinth is one of the main attractions for the tourists who come here. Being famous and impressive, it still preserves many ancient artifacts, such as the Temple of Apollo, the Conservatory Theater, the Old Theater, the Lecheou Street, the Temple of Venus, the Fountain of Peiren, the Sacred Spring and numerous remains of ancient buildings.

Ancient Corinth

Ancient Corinth ©Ronny Siegel/Flick

Another well-known landmark is the Corinth Canal, which connects the Saronic Gulf, located in the Aegean Sea, with the Gulf of Corinth, located in the Ionian Sea. The Canal cuts the Isthmus of Corinth and splits the northern part of Greece from the Peloponnese peninsula, it has a length of 6.3 km, a width of approx. 21 m and a minimum depth of approx. 8 m. Its construction began in 1881, first being used in 1893. Thanks to its construction the way of the smaller vessels was shortened by 400 km, the canal being crossed by over 11,000 ships annually, mostly of the being tourist vessels.

Corinth Canal

Corinth Canal ©Sharon Mollerus/Flick

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