The Greek Culture

Greek Culture ©eve.ps/flickr

Greek Culture ©eve.ps/flickr

The Greek culture has all began in Mycenaean Greece into Classical Greece. Greece was influenced very much by the Roman Empire and Greek Eastern and had evolved over thousands of years, later Greece was occupied and influenced by Ottoman Empire, medieval Latin kingdoms, the Venetian Republic, Genoese Republic, and British Empire has remained on its modern Greek culture.

Myceanean Greece

It is a cultural period of Bronze Age Greece. It is called Myceanean Greece because of its archaeological site of Mycenae. At this time, Athens, Thebes, Pylos and Tiryns are important as well. Greek literature and myth and the epics of Homer sets the last phase of the Bronze Age in Ancient Greece.

Greek Dark Ages

Towards the end of the Mycenaean Palatial civilization, this period was mute as it was lack of inscriptions. Many great palaces and cities were destroyed or abandoned.

Archaic Period

From 800 BC to 480 BC, the Archaic period followed the Greek Dark Ages. It saw the rise of the polis and the founding of colonies. Together, there was the first inklings of the classical philosophy.

Classical Greece

200-year period from the 5th to 4th centuries BC is the classical period which had a powerful influence on the Roman Empire. Not only that, it has greatly influenced the foundation of Western civilizations such as politics, artistic schools of thought, scientific thought, philosophy, literature and architecture.

Hellenistic Greece

Macedon was no match for 100,000 troops and Perseus was not able to rally the other Greek states to his aid. In 88 BC, hundred thousands of Romans and Roman allies across Asia Minor were massacred, leading to the final downfall of Greece.

Roman Greece

This is the period following the Roman victory over the Corinthians. Aegean islands were added to this territory. Athens and other Greek cities revolted in 88 BC. During the 2nd and 3rd centuries, Greece was divided into provinces such as Achaea, Macedonia, Epirus, Thrace and Sparta.

Byzantine Greece

Byzantine ©rbw2007/flickr

Byzantine ©rbw2007/flickr

The Ostrogoths raided Greece in Macedonia, a defensive wall called ‘Anastasian Wall‘ was built from Silivri to the Black Sea. Greece was raided again by the Huns and Bulgars. Slavs invaded and Byzantium nearly lost control of the entire peninsula. In different themes reorganized by Emperor Constans II in the mid 7th century, Bithynia was repopulated by Greeks mainly from Cyrpus and the mainland Greece.

It was under the rule of the Franks called ‘Frankokratia’ and “rule of the Latins” after the Fourth Crusade. The Frankish and Latin states were in 1204 when Western European Crusader states were established in Greece. Byzantine Empire dissolved.

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