The Archaeological site of Nemea

Archeological site of Nemea

Archeological site of Nemea ©Amphithoe/Flick

Nemea was not a real city, but as Olympia, it has a sanctuary of Zeus and was a meeting place for the panhelenic games.

Since the archaeological site of Nemea was recently unearthed by Professor Stephen Miller from the Berkeley University of California, the foreign tourists usually do not know about it, it doesn’t appear yet in some tourist guides. This is one of the favorite archaeological sites of the Greek tourists, with an excellent modern museum, that tries to help us understanding the exhibits and the ruins, until they will be completely excavated.

The ancient settlement of Nemea

According to the Greek mythology, Nemea was ruled by King Lycurgus and Queen Eurydice. Their son, Opheltes, was killed at Nemea by a snake while his nanny put him down to show the Seven Argive Generals where is the nearest spring, at the time when they were on their march against Thebes.

Archeological site of Nemea

Archeological site of Nemea ©Amphithoe/Flick

Nemea was famous in mythology also because of the Nemean Lion, a vicious monster that lived here and was eventually killed by Heracles.

This was also the place where the Nemean games were disputed, these were held between the Olympic Games and were held every two years, starting in the year 573 BC, in honor of Zeus. The Doric temple dedicated to Zeus, with several preserved columns, is the main attraction of the site It was raised at about 330 BC and was built on the site of an ancient temple, from which remained only one wall foundation.

View of the archeological site of Nemea

View of the archeological site of Nemea ©Amphithoe/Flick

Nemea is also famous because of the Battle of Nemea in the year 394 BC, that was part of the Corinthian War between  Sparta and the alliated towns including Athens, Thebes, Corinth and Argos, Sparta winning here the last major victory here.

The structure of the site

The archaeological site of Nemea is beautiful, it has many trees, lawns and roses, with marble tables. As you enter the site, on the right side you will see the tiny modern museum, it looks like it would be the administrative building of the site or a holiday home of any rich man. In front you will see the temple of Zeus, that is in the process of restoration and to the left is the archeological site.

Trees on the archeological site of Nemea

Trees on the archeological site of Nemea ©Amphithoe/Flick

The city of Nemea

The current city of Nemea has a population of about 4200 inhabitants, lies at an altitude of 320 m, in a hilly area, at about 40 km of Corinth in the south-west, on the Peloponnese Peninsula. Nemea is located in a fertile valley and nowadays is an important wine-growing area, being famous also outside of Greece and there is also a wine museum.

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