The Archaeological Museum and the Byzantine Museum of the Lesbos Island

The Archaeological Museum in Mytilene

The Archaeological Museum in Mytilene ©Anna Apostolidou/Flick

The old building of the Archaeological Museum of Mytilene (or Mytilini, the capital of Lesbos Island) belongs to the family of Achilleas Vournazos, built around the year 1921 according to Smyrniot’s architectural ideas. The new building of the Archaeological Museum is located in the region of Kioski and its architecture is modern and simple. The construction of the building was completed in 1955.

The Byzantine Museum of Mytilene is located in the Agios Therapon churchyard, its founder being Kloemvrotos, the Bishop of this region. Its purpose was to keep in mind the ecclesiastical works of those days.

The city of Mytilene

The city of Mytilene ©Anna Apostolidou/Flick

The Archaeological Museum

The old building of the Archaeological Museum of Mytilene houses many objects such as figurines, jewelry, vases, pottery and many others from prehistoric to Roman times.The more resistant objects, such as the columns of Aeolic capitals (unique in the world) of the temple of Kalopedi or different statues, sculptures, important inscriptions were exposed in the service house or the yard. All these exhibitions want to show to the visitors the history of the island, so these understand the major role the city had in the past times, in the context of numerous wars of territorial conquest.

This region of Kioski is known for archaeological discoveries here have brought to light the sanctuary of the goddess Aphrodite. The new building of the Archaeological Museum contains various statues, which either have a religious character or symbolizes strength and health in order to offer visitors an overview of Lesbos from the 2nd century BC to the 3rd cnetury AC.

The Archaeological Museum in Mytilene

The Archaeological Museum in Mytilene ©Anna Apostolidou/Flick

The Byzantine Museum

The Byzantine Museum has an impressive collection of icons, manuscripts, old religious books, maps with the elaborate projects of temples, all dating from the Byzantine and Post- Byzantine period. If you visit this museum, you can see various icons that depict biblical times, one of the most valuable being a work from the fourth century that presents Archangel Michael of Constantinople. In theByzantine Museum are also exposed pieces of the iconostasis of the old churches, valuable dishes, ecclesiastical vestments, and the “Mytilene Treasure ” – a collection from the late sixth century discovered on a sunken ship near the island. This collection contains 15,000 items from Byzantium (476-1453 AD), the time when the Orthodox Church had considerable influence in both the world of art and in politics. Speaking of old maps, here you can see the maquette of a house in Lesbos from the nineteenth century.

The Byzantine Museum of Mytilene will surely impress you with its antique collection that has a great historical, religious and a political value.

 

Statue of Artemis from Mytilene, Lesbos

Statue of Artemis from Mytilene, Lesbos ©carolemadge1/Flick

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