Artemis and the Maidens of Karyai, Caryatid



The is so much history of the Ancient Greece, and from 499 BC to 488 BC, there was the Greco-Persian between the Great empire of Persia and the Coalition of Greek city-states. Greece today that had went through Ionian Revolt, the first major Persian War, we learnt about Cyrus the Great as well as how there was the First Persian War. Greece really gone through a lot, from the Pelopponnesian War to the Archidamian War, then to the Sicilian war and later on the Ioninan or Decelean War. The remains of the historical ruins today, are still beautiful in some areas. For example the sculpted female figure in the column, it has an entablature on her head. This architectural support that works like a pillar in Peloponnese is quite popular. There is a famous temple in Karyai. It is dedicated to Artemis who used to rejoice in the dances of the nut-tree village. They carry live reeds as if they were dancing plants and they danced the ecstatic round-dance.

Artemis Agrotera, Potnia Theron

This means “Artemis of the wildland, Mistress of Animals”. In Greek mythology, she is described as Leto and Zeus’s daughter. She is also the twin of Apollo. As she is the Hellenic goddess, she was was usually noted as a huntress, so you see her with arrows and a bow. Virginity, wilderness, young girls, childbirth is what she is usually depicted with. Artemis’s heart was won over by Orion who was her hunting companion. It was not clear who killed him accidentally in the mythology, the speculation was Gaia or Artemis herself.

Troy and Trojan War

In western Anatolia in the olden times, Apollo who was Artemis’s brother was a patron god while she was well worshipped there. Artemis other than being supporter of Troy, she took side of Trojans and also believed the oracle who said the sacrifice of Iphigenia (who was Agamemnon’s daughter) would win the goddess heart.

Goddess of Hills and Forests

Delos - Lion street


Throughout ancient Greece, Artemis was rather worshipped and best known for the island of Delos. Delos is her birthplace, it was in Sparta. If you ever seen her in a painting, she is mostly in a forest setting and standing next to a deer. Before any new military campaign, the ancient Spartans would sacrifice to her. In Sparta, they also observe the festival of Artemis Orthia, other include Mounikhia, Brauronia, Elaphebolia and Kharisteria

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